by Maria Bianca Armiento
The Council of Bars & Law Societies of Europe has recently published a paper discussing some legal aspects of artificial intelligence.
The paper first addresses the relationship between artificial intelligence and human rights (especially the right to a fair trial, the right to freedom of expression, the right to freedom of assembly and association, the right to life in the context of smart weapons and algorithmically operated drones, the right to privacy and data protection). Secondly, use of AI by Courts and its criticalities are addressed, particularly non-delegation of the judge’s decision-making power, possibility to verify data input and compliance with GDPR. Thirdly, the paper analyses the current employment of AI in criminal justice system (predictive policing, facial recognition and technical surveillance). Finally, liability issues and the impact of AI on legal practice are discussed.